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Magic of Hands by Dr. Ravi Mahajan Amandeep Hospital
Magic of Hands by Dr. Ravi Mahajan Amandeep Hospital
Tattoo Removal
Tattoo Removal

Birthmarks

What are birthmarks?

There are two main categories of birthmarks:

What are the main symptoms of birthmarks?

The main symptoms of birthmarks include:

What are the diagnostic methods of birthmarks?

Tests to confirm deeper birthmarks include:

Most permanent birthmarks are not treated before a child reaches school age or the birthmark is causing symptoms. Port wine stains on the face are an exception. They should be treated at a young age to prevent emotional and social problems. A laser can be used to treat them.

Concealing cosmetics (such as Covermark) may hide permanent birthmarks.

Oral or injected cortisone may reduce the size of a hemangioma that is growing quickly and affecting vision or vital organs.

Other treatments for red birthmarks include:

Outlook (Prognosis)

Birthmarks rarely cause problems, other than changes in appearance. Many birthmarks go away on their own by the time a child reaches school age, but some are permanent. The following development patterns are typical for the different types of birthmarks:

Possible Complications

The following complications can occur from birthmarks:

What is the treatment of Haemangiomas?

Some haemangiomas will disappear without treatment, but they often don´t change until your child is two years old.Haemangiomas will sometimes disappear by the time a child reaches five years of age. In other cases, they may last until a child is 12.

Is surgey an option for haemangioma?

Plastic surgery may be an option if a haemangioma has left the skin deformed or stretched. The aim of surgery will be to improve the appearance of the distorted skin.

If the haemangioma has formed an ulcer, you may need to take extra measures to prevent infection, and surgery or laser treatment may be offered.

What are complications of Large haemangiomas?

Some haemangiomas may cause complications that will need treatment.

A haemangioma near your child´s eye, nose or mouth may cause vision, breathing or feeding problems.

Haemangiomas on the lip or around the nappy area are more likely to form ulcers that can sometimes bleed and be painful.

What are treatment options of haemangioma?

The exact treatment will depend on where and how severe the haemangioma is. Most haemangiomas can be effectively treated with medicine, such as oral propranolol in liquid form. This will shrink the birthmark.

If propranolol doesn´t work, other medicines can be used, such as steroids or vincristine. Surgery is rarely necessary.

If your child has breathing difficulties caused by a haemangioma in their airway, they may need laser treatment.

Occasionally, a child with an airway haemangioma may need to have a temporary tracheostomy (an artificial opening in the windpipe) to improve their breathing.

Are Port wine stains permanent?

Port wine stains are permanent. However, some treatments help fade the mark, making it less noticeable. You can also disguise it using cosmetics.

What are treatment options of birthmarks?

Many strawberry hemangiomas, cavernous hemangiomas, and salmon patches are temporary and do not need treatment.Port wine stains may not need treatment unless they:

What is Laser treatment for Port wine stain?

Laser treatment is the only treatment for a port wine stain. It lightens the affected area of skin. Laser treatment often works better in younger children because in adults a port wine stain may become bumpy and raised after a number of years.

The most common type of laser treatment is known as pulsed dye laser treatment. The laser passes through a fibreoptic cable. On the end of the cable is a device that looks like a pen. This is gently held against the surface of your child´s skin and a button is pressed, which sends a beam of light to the skin.

The light goes less than 1mm into the skin. It´s absorbed by the blood vessel just beneath the surface, causing it to heat up. The heat damages the blood vessel, which creates a bruise that will fade within a week or two.

During or after treatment, your child´s skin will be cooled to reduce discomfort, or a jet of cold air might be blown onto the skin during treatment.

What are side effects of Laser treatment in port wine stains?

Some of the possible side effects of laser treatment are described below.

What are the number of treatment sessions required for port wine stains?

Between 3 and 30 treatment sessions may be needed at intervals of six to eight weeks.

How effective is the treatment ?

The treatment  depends on how prominent and dark the affected area is. The best results are often seen in marks that are already smaller and lighter.

What is treatment of Congenital melanocytic naevi?

  As congenital melanocytic naevi (CMN) can affect a person´s appearance, surgery may be considered. However, surgery will leave scarring and may not be possible if the affected area is very large.

Surgery involves removing the birthmark and stitching together the edges of the skin. If the area is large, a skin graft may be needed. This involves taking skin from another part of the body and using it to cover the wound.

Outlook (Prognosis)

Birthmarks rarely cause problems, other than changes in appearance. Many birthmarks go away on their own by the time a child reaches school age, but some are permanent. The following development patterns are typical for the different types of birthmarks:

Possible Complications

The following complications can occur from birthmarks:

 

A .Port wine stains are permanent. However, some treatments help fade the mark, making it less noticeable. You can also disguise it using cosmetics.

A .Port wine stains are permanent. However, some treatments help fade the mark, making it less noticeable. You can also disguise it using cosmetics.

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